Predators : A Web Resource List

Wolf Reintroduction Changes Ecosystem

https://www.yellowstonepark.com/things-to-do/wolf-reintroduction-changes-ecosystem

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Wolves and the Ecology of Fear: Can Predation Risk Structure Ecosystems?

http://www.cof.orst.edu/leopold/papers/04_August_Article_Ripple.pdf

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Basic Facts About the Gray Wolf

http://www.defenders.org/gray-wolf/basic-facts

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Restoration or Destruction? : The Controversy Over Wolf Reintroduction

http://www.jyi.org/issue/restoration-or-destruction-the-controversy-over-wolf-reintroduction/

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Research from the National Science Foundation reveals that the Yellowstone ecosystem needs beavers as well as wolves and elk. Restoring the wolf population isn’t enough to reverse the extensive changes caused by their long absence. Everything is interconnected and all of the connections need to be restored. An understanding of how species interactions cascade through food webs is essential if we are to restore ecosystem resilience. Take a look at these two URLs

http://nsf.gov/discoveries/disc_summ.jsp?cntn_id=126853&org=NSF

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The Wolf Credo

Respect the elders

Teach the young

Cooperate with the pack

Play when you can

Hunt when you must

Rest in between

Share your affections

Voice your feelings

Leave your mark

http://www.videosmotivational.com/best-clips/happiness-videos/what-wisdom-can-a-pack-of-wolves-teach-you/

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A really great video on how a few wolves restored both an ecosystem and its geography.

http://bit.ly/1czsnsI

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Earth is less fertile without the poo of large predators

Whales alone once moved 750 million pounds of phosphorus from the ocean depths to the surface.

http://bit.ly/1NOO1xD

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Here is a story of how wolves can change rivers. It illustrates beautifully how one input into a living ecosystem can alter all other elements involved. This is very similar to how systemic constellations work, where a fresh input into a human system can create a renewed balance for all members who belong.

http://www.thecsc.net/the-intricate-connections-in-nature/

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While many people are calling for relisting of gray wolves under the Endangered Species Act, others are saying that it is time to completely reform wildlife management in the United States. Event organizers for Speak for Wolves: Yellowstone 2014 have developed the following five keys to reforming wildlife management in America:

* Ban trapping/snaring on all federal public lands.

* End grazing on all federal public lands.

* Abolish the predator-control department of the USDA Wildlife Services.

* Reform how state fish and game agencies operate.

* Introduce legislation to protect all predators, including wolves, from sport hunting, trapping, and snaring.

http://www.nationalparkstraveler.com/2014/06/rally-yellowstone-national-park-aims-boost-public-support-wolves-wild25168

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The ethics of killing large carnivores. Nowhere in the scientific literature,  is hunting for fun, for the enjoyment of killing, or for the acquisition of trophies defended.

http://www.huffingtonpost.com/chris-genovali/the-ethics-of-killing-lar_b_598640.html?utm_hp_ref=email_share

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Wolves killing wolves is their No. 1 cause of death in Yellowstone and MacNulty said the research showed that adult survival rates dropped below 70 percent if there were greater than 65 wolves per 1,000 square kilometers. These key observations in wolf infanticide may provide helpful lessons for management of wolf populations because of the insights they deliver, he said.

“For those concerned about wolf populations, even when you have super abundant prey like in Yellowstone, there are limits to wolf population growth. There is an intrinsic limit to the number of wolves that occupy a given space,” MacNulty said, adding that because rival packs will attack and kill rival wolf pups, their numbers are self-limiting.

http://www.ksl.com/?nid=148&sid=29873051#IqYOmE2qOFDxQjsQ.03

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Large Carnivores In A Changing World

http://westernwildlife.org/large-carnivores-in-a-changing-world/

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Oregon State University ecologist Cristina Eisenberg believes that wolves and other large carnivores can continue to recolonize large parts of their historic range with a little help from humans. She also believes that, without our assistance, some of North America’s most magnificent wild creatures could disappear forever. Eisenberg’s new book from Island Press, “The Carnivore Way: Coexisting With and Conserving North America’s Predators,” argues that one of the keys to their survival is the ability to move across the landscape, both to respond to changing environmental conditions and to maintain genetic connections between isolated populations.

http://www.gazettetimes.com/news/local/making-room-for-predators/article_2fa62a96-e774-11e3-a7e4-0019bb2963f4.html

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A cougar that did not need to be killed. “Recent research in predator ecology suggests that killing animals like cougars (or wolves, coyotes and bears) only increases conflicts with humans. Though this information is widely known in ecological circles, apparently the Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife hasn’t read any new science in decades because they continue to foster the myth that indiscriminate killing of predators will reduce conflicts. “

http://www.bendbulletin.com/opinion/3056576-151/letter-cougar-in-bend-did-not-need-to#

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Celebrating Earth Day the Carnivore Way. Another great Cristina Eisenberg article where she says: “Balanced at the apex of a Roman arch, the keystone locks all the other stones in place. Remove it and the arch collapses. Keystone predators, such as wolves, are similarly poised to hold ecosystems together from the top down in food web relationships”

http://www.huffingtonpost.com/cristina-eisenberg/celebrating-earth-day-the-carnivore-way_b_7104950.html

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The wolf’s uncertain future. Another excellent article by Cristina Eisenberg

http://www.huffingtonpost.com/cristina-eisenberg/el-lobos-uncertain-future_b_6936200.html

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A Season of Predators is a feature-length documentary film that explores creative approaches that some in the northern Rocky Mountain states of Idaho and Montana have begun to use to reduce human-predator conflict. The film is set in two rural valleys where expanding predator populations have led to difficult resource challenges.

https://vimeo.com/57660999

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Why black bears are Nature’s landscape architects.

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Ranchers find ways to live with wolves despite deaths of dogs, horses, cattle

http://trib.com/lifestyles/recreation/ranchers-find-ways-to-live-with-wolves-despite-deaths-of/article_626f3111-aa53-53c5-8b00-664a59c895e4.html

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Emma Marris on Wolves, New Conservation & Kids In Nature

http://blog.nature.org/science/2014/09/03/emma-marris-wolves-beacon-new-conservation-kids-play-parks/

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The Carnivore Way: All Who Wander Are Not Lost

http://www.huffingtonpost.com/cristina-eisenberg/the-carnivore-way-all-who_b_6285376.html

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There is more money in looking at bears than there is in shooting them — 12 times more to be exact, according to a new study. http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/british-columbia/bear-watching-more-profitable-than-bear-hunting-says-study-1.2488311

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The unique ecology of human predators

https://plus.google.com/+SamanthaAndrews/posts/BQTU45G1ELf

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Rethinking predators: Legend of the wolf

Predators are supposed to exert strong control over ecosystems, but nature doesn’t always play by the rules.

http://www.nature.com/news/rethinking-predators-legend-of-the-wolf-1.14841

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12 reasons why the killer whale is the ocean’s top predator

http://ipfactly.com/12-reasons-why-the-killer-whale-is-the-oceans-top-predator/

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Human beings are not the world’s top predator

http://earthsky.org/human-world/humans-arent-top-predators-says-new-report

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Too Many Mesopredators?

http://northernwoodlands.org/outside_story/article/too-many-mesopredators#sthash.RMMOENLD.cmfs

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Top Predators Have Sway Over Climate

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/02/130219091014.htm

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Top predators may be the most important animals on Earth

https://gizmodo.com/top-predators-may-be-the-most-important-animals-on-eart-1689082949

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Top Predators Key to Ecosystem Survival, Study Shows

http://www.livescience.com/4171-top-predators-key-ecosystem-survival-study-shows.html

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North America’s Top 10 Most Fearsome Predators

http://www.discovery.com/tv-shows/north-america/top-10/most-fearsome-predators/

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What Happens When The Top Predator Is Removed From The Ecosystem?

http://education.seattlepi.com/happens-top-predator-removed-ecosystem-3496.html

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The States Where the Government Is Killing the Most Top Predators

http://www.takepart.com/article/2016/07/05/states-where-government-killing-most-top-predators

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Top Predators Returned To Manage Ecosystems

http://planetearthherald.com/top-predators-returned-to-manage-eco-systems/

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Top Predators Limit Their Own Numbers

http://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/top-predators-limit-their-own-numbers/

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The World’s Top Predators Are Dining From Dwindling Menus

http://news.nationalgeographic.com/2016/08/world-top-predators-endangered-prey/

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Are Wolves A Real American Hero?

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/03/10/opinion/is-the-wolf-a-real-american-hero.html?emc=eta1

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Are wolves in Wisconsin affecting the biodiversity of understory plant communities via trophic cascade?

https://getd.libs.uga.edu/pdfs/callan_ramana_201012_phd.pdf

Overgrazing deer are changing the face of US forests. Deer proliferation disrupts a forest’s natural growth. Cornell researchers have discovered that a burgeoning deer population forever alters the progression of a forest’s natural future by creating environmental havoc in the soil and disrupting the soil’s natural seed banks.

http://mediarelations.cornell.edu/2014/03/07/deer-proliferation-disrupts-a-forests-natural-growth/

http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0091155

http://earthsky.org/earth/overgrazing-by-deer-is-changing-the-face-of-u-s-forests#.UyzQwM9coqM.email

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How Wolves Change Rivers

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ysa5OBhXz-Q

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Killing Wolves On Public Land Is No Longer Acceptable

http://www.thewildlifenews.com/2016/08/11/killing-wolves-on-public-lands-is-no-longer-acceptable/

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Carnivore Cleansing Is Damaging Ecosystems.  Extermination of large predators such as wolves and bears has a cascading effect on delicate ecological balance

https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2014/jan/09/carnivore-cleansing-damaging-ecosystems?utm_content=bufferd1125&utm_medium=social&utm_source=twitter.com&utm_campaign=buffer

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Total folly on the part of both NPS and the State of Alaska. Park service moves to block predator control on federal land in Alaska

http://www.adn.com/article/20140904/park-service-moves-block-predator-control-federal-land-alaska

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Yellowstone wolves need help from beavers.

A new study says that Yellowstone’s wolves probably can’t turn back the ecological clock completely—at least not without help from a less glamorous animal: the beaver.

http://news.sciencemag.org/2013/02/yellowstone-wolves-need-help-beavers

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Here is a short BBC version of the wolf reintroduction story at Yellowstone National Park. I love this story, whoever tells it, because it is a living demonstration of the power of connections in Nature.

http://www.bbc.com/future/story/20140128-how-wolves-saved-a-famous-park

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US researchers hope more assertive, foreign dog breeds can protect livestock from wolves and bears

http://www.pri.org/stories/2015-05-07/us-researchers-hope-more-assertive-foreign-dog-breeds-can-protect-livestock

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Lords of Nature. A powerful video narrated by Peter Coyote, Green Fire Productions has created a captivating documentary that goes behind the scenes with leading scientists to explore the role top predators play in restoring and maintaining ecosystems and biodiversity.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PagO3gmwmA0

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Sequel to Lords of Nature — Non Lethal Predation in Idaho

This is a video on non-lethal wolf control. A short sequel to the great “Lords of Nature” video that describes the reintroduction of the gray wolf at Yellowstone National Park.  Narrated by Peter Coyote, Green Fire Productions has created a captivating documentary that goes behind the scenes with leading scientists to explore the role top predators play in restoring and maintaining ecosystems and biodiversity. In this segment, hear from ranchers in Idaho who are learning to coexist with wolves.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6RsnjGLLujE&feature=em-subs_digest-vrecs

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Could hunting wolves actually increase the population?

http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/1365-2435.12354/pdf

http://www.oregonlive.com/environment/index.ssf/2014/11/post_41.html

http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/1365-2435.12354/pdf

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Here is another success story about non-lethal predator control where a rancher learns how to live with wolves.With his new approach, there have been “no known losses of cattle to wolves”. Facts rather than fear mongering. I hope there will be a day when the huge political will of the cattle industry is directed toward predator coexistence rather than fear mongering and the killing of an important top predator.

http://hosted.verticalresponse.com/1815385/c4596bbb45/545397295/c78a9d2cf4/

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The Mexican Gray Wolf

Mike Foster visits the White Mountains of Arizona to observe volunteer efforts to manage the reintroduction of the Mexican Gray Wolf. The video summarizes the recent history of the wolf, its relationship to the human population, the wolf’s effect on the Rocky Mountain Elk and sheep and the practice of fladry fencing. Included are interviews with volunteers stating their purpose and perspectives as well as an interview with a representative from the Arizona Game and Fish.

http://vimeo.com/27946388

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A long-range, multi-state study throws into doubt the effectiveness of killing wolves to prevent their impact on livestock. In fact, the study concluded that strategy mostly does not work. An increase in wolves killed one year actually correlated to an increase in the number of livestock attacks recorded the next. The study authors hypothesize that instead of effectively diminishing livestock predators, killing wolves leads to pack instability, smaller pack sizes, an increase in breeding pairs and a higher propensity to target easier prey, like livestock.

http://www.mexicanwolves.org/index.php/news/1359/51/In-the-News-Study-Wolf-Kills-Might-Not-Work/d,News2

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Reintroducing wolves is only effective at large scales

http://4thenaturesake.wordpress.com/2014/12/25/reintroducing-wolves-is-only-effective-at-large-scales/

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Wolves In A Tangled Ecological Web. Some Yellowstone studies have found that wolves have powerful indirect effects on the plants that elk eat, such as aspens, due to fear of predation. With wolves around, elk have to keep moving to stay alive, which reduces browsing pressure.

http://www.huffingtonpost.com/cristina-eisenberg/wolves-in-a-tangled-bank_b_6363198.html

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Great News: Federal Court Restores Protections for Great Lakes Wolves, Ends Trophy Hunting and Commercial Trapping

http://blog.humanesociety.org/wayne/2014/12/court-says-wolves-are-protected-under-esa.html

Here is a second article about this court decision

http://wolvesofdouglascountywisconsin.com/2014/12/20/recreational-hunting-of-great-lakes-wolves-is-stopped-wolves-are-back-on-the-federal-endangered-species-list-immediately/

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Hunting wolves is out of step with public sentiment. This is a great article on why we need to stop killing wolves.

http://host.madison.com/news/opinion/column/wayne-pacelle-wolf-hunt-out-of-step-with-public-sentiment/article_cf1db4e1-59e8-5000-849a-ca030ee368f9.html

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No Animal Need Be a Lone Wolf: The Simple Solution to Saving Endangered Species. Scientists say introducing new animals to isolated ecological “islands” of wildlife quickly boosts their genetic diversity and chances of survival.

http://www.takepart.com/article/2014/12/12/no-animal-needs-be-lone-wolf-simple-solution-saving-endangered-species

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Large Predators, Large Landscapes, and Coexistence

http://blog.nature.org/science/2014/07/16/conservation-leaders-cristina-eisenberg/

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The recovery of large carnivores in Europe is a great success for nature conservation. At one third of mainland Europe, at least one species of large carnivore is present, according to a new article. It is an excellent example that humans and carnivores can share the same landscape, say researchers.

http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/12/141219130144.htm?utm_source=feedburner

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Why we humans need predators

https://www.sciencenews.org/blog/wild-things/why-we-need-predators

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Intricate connections in Nature. A rerun of the important message about how wolves change rivers. A beautiful 4 minute story about deep connections within an ecosystem.
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My name is Bill Graham. As a Marine Biologist who has worked in the US and Mexico for 30 years, I am a student of Nature, a teacher, a researcher, and a nature photographer. Through my work, I have acquired an ever growing passion for how everything in Nature is connected. Today, I travel extensively contemplating about, writing about, and photographing Nature’s connections. I also work with conservation projects in the USA and Mexico and mentor talented youth.

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